stay Two sessions(NPC and CPPCC) At the plenary meeting of the delegation of Heilongjiang, Lin Kuanhai, NPC deputy and mayor of Jiamusi, called for accelerating the transformation of the agricultural development mode and improving the comprehensive utilization level of straw. At the same time, "the promotion of the comprehensive utilization of straw in Jiamusi", a paper towel that can be used to wipe glasses and handkerchiefs, has aroused the concern of the outside world.
After the implementation of the new environmental protection law, the first industry to feel the cold is the paper industry. Under the pressure of structural imbalance and increasingly severe environmental supervision, the paper industry's trend towards a more reasonable and green development is already the trend of the times.
Large enterprises: seeking new economic benefits from environmental protection
The paper industry is in a period of rapid change.
From the adjustment of industry structure and the reduction of market profit space, the industry is facing a wave of elimination. In September 2014, the number of pulp and paper and paper products enterprises in China was 6824, representing a decrease of 334 over the same period last year.
In the face of industrial pressure, the concern of the government and the society for environmental protection has also made the paper industry face up to this problem. To solve this problem, some large papermaking enterprises started earlier and seemed more experienced.
It is understood that Lin Kuanhai Two sessions(NPC and CPPCC) What is strongly recommended during this period is the innovative technology of the Quan Lin paper industry. It is understood that the Quan Lin paper industry is the only enterprise in China that has straw pulp making natural color paper technology. Li Hongfa, chairman and general manager of Quan Lin group, said that the production process adopted the special process of independent innovation, canceled the bleaching section, avoided the impact on the environment and the great harm of fluorescent whitening agents to the human body. According to statistics, the use of 1 tons of spring forest natural living paper can save about 30 trees 3 to 4 years of trees.
In addition, Sun Paper Industry ( 002078 , Stock bar As a leading enterprise in the papermaking industry, it was the year before the enactment of the "environmental protection law of the People's Republic of China", that is, in 1988, the first set of water treatment facilities was built. In 2010, the sun paper industry also set up a water treatment facility with a daily capacity of 80 thousand tons, instead of the original dozen or so sets of small sewage treatment facilities.
In the same way, there are many investment in sewage treatment, as well as Asia Pacific Sen Bo. At the end of 2013, Asia Pacific Investment 68 million yuan was introduced. Singapore Technology is used to build the urban sewage reuse project, so that municipal sewage can be used in pulp production after treatment.
For the environmental protection enthusiasts of large paper enterprises, the environmental protection department of sun paper said: "our investment in environmental protection is based on the establishment of a century old enterprise. Healthy development is bound to comply with environmental regulations and standards. This is the requirement of a hundred years' enterprise's bottom line, and environmental protection is not only to meet the standards, but also to be respected."
To calculate the economic accounts, environmental protection is not unrewarding for papermaking enterprises. "Environmental protection will also save energy at the same time of emission reduction. For environmental protection needs, we will develop new technologies to reduce energy consumption and improve the efficiency of resource utilization. Therefore, environmental protection investment brings not only environmental benefits, but also economic benefits. At the same time, measures and effects of environmental protection have become one of the core competitiveness of paper enterprises in the market. Sun paper related responsible person said.
Small business: the dilemma under double pressure
For large papermaking enterprises, there are still some spare efforts to solve environmental problems and realize transformation and upgrading. For small paper enterprises that have been eliminated, the solution to this problem seems to be "more than enough".
Measures to eliminate capacity at the national level and local governments have left some small paper mills out of the market. Taking Dongguan as an example, in the relevant documents considered in Dongguan in September 2014, it was pointed out that the production of paper packaging enterprises under production capacity of less than 200 thousand tons and the production of paper production enterprises under the annual production capacity of less than 50 thousand tons should be examined and approved. It is estimated that by the end of 2015, 57 paper mills will be withdrawn from the market in Dongguan.
For the rest of the paper-making enterprises, it is still a great pressure to solve the pollution problem of papermaking industry which is mainly polluted by sewage.
"Now sewage treatment for some enterprises, the financial pressure will be relatively large, such as coking water treatment, good facilities cost price will be 3 to 4 yuan per side, and the factory to the processing plant price will sometimes be as high as 10 yuan, 2000 square water a day, that is 20 thousand yuan. The cost of paper mills is lower, but each side is also around 1 yuan, and for small businesses, the pressure is relatively large. A sewage treatment equipment manufacturer told reporters.
At the same time, these small paper mills are facing increasingly stringent environmental policies, which include not only the national level. Law The regulations also include the emission standards set by local governments.
with Shandong As an example, Shandong province is a large province where paper industry is gathered. Most of them have more than 700 paper mills. Since 2003, Shandong has implemented a series of first step by step strict local standards, namely, the discharge standard of pollutants for paper industry in Shandong province. In this standard, the emission of paper industry has been strictly limited, and the standard of the last stage is higher than that of the original national standard. 4 to 8 times.
Small and medium sized paper enterprises are facing not only the continuous increase in environmental protection investment, but also the fact that the profit margins of the paper industry are declining.
From 1 to September 2014, the profit rate of the main business income of the national paper industry was 4.58%, down 0.13% from the same period last year. Among them, the profit rate of paper making was 3.85%, down 0.39% compared with the same period last year, and the pulp profit rate was -6.1%, down 1.08% compared with the same period last year.
For this small and medium-sized enterprises, how to find a sustainable development path in structural adjustment and environmental pressures is still under exploration.